Home » Uncategorized » A psychology question?

A psychology question?

I have to write a one page essay to answer this question:"In the first half of the 20th century, doctors began to notice a relationship between smoking tobacco and lung cancer. This line of research finally led to a warning by the Surgeon General on cigarette packages. This relationship was correlational. Explain what a correlational relationship is, and discuss the difference between a correlational stufy and experiment trying to find a cause and effect Include ethical considerations, informed consent and the role of deception in psychological studies. Also keep in mind the extraneous variables, experimenter bias and sample bias which might be present and conducting research."The first part I understand, but when it starts at "Include ethical..." I have no idea what it's even telling me. Can anyone just tell me what the heck it means so I don't fail? Thank you!

Similar Asks:

  • Please help me with my question about psychological research..? - Explain and describe different types of research methods and why they are important, give examples.. explain why ethical problems can arise in psychological research?Ive answered the ques as best i can but seems to me like im stating the obvious, can any one help me explain better or go deeper into the ques to expand
  • I need help with coming up with an informed argument for an essay based on shinto religion in Japan.? - Assignment three asks me to write an informed argument based on research. At the university, the word argument does not mean a “verbal fight”; it means a “position paper”, an essay that uses evidence to support your understanding of and/or your preferred course of action in response to a particular research topic, question, or problem.
  • Psychology essays? - want one? there u go Freud and his contributions to PsychologySigmund Freud physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and the father of psychoanalysis is generally recognised as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia in 1856. When he was four years old he
  • What book should I use for my psychoanalytic research paper? - I have to write a research essay based on my interpretation of a book and how it correlates with psychological/Freudian theory. My choices are limited to a small group of books selected by my teacher, but I’m not sure which one is best to write about. So far i’ve narrowed it down to 3 books:
  • How much detail on dissertation in grad school app? - My grad school application essay must include a page or two on my proposed dissertation, supporting research, etc. Do I write this portion in formal style, including a ton of past research, proposed methodology, etc? Or, do I throw the idea out there, add enough formal support to keep from looking like a hack, and
  • Body Points to Support the Argument of Stem Cell Research Ethics? - I’m having some writer’s block with this college-level essay. I know I want to write about “Embryonic Stem Cell Research,” but I don’t know what an appropriate thesis should be or what my reasoning to support it would be. I’m supposed to have 4 supporting points to my argument and address 2 oppositions.I’ve thought about
  • English analysis, anyone who can translate? - This is a quote in The Tempest by shakespeare, but i need it translated because my mind is fried after so much work. I get the basics of it, but i need an in-depht analysis of it and what it shows, i think it could be a good line to include in my essay. Anyway

One Response so far.

  1. mythological says:

    the warning on the packs suggested that it’s not a good idea to smoke cigs; that smoking may lead to cancer. A cause and effect study would have stated flat out that cigs cause cancer, period. ethics come into play when you say cigs cause cancer; a c/e study would show objectively that many people smoke, but don’t get cancer in their lifetime; many non smokers die of lung cancer…ethics made the govt consider taking the stance that smoking is highly associated with cancer and lung disease, for the simple fact that tobacco alone is loaded with known carcinogens; the ingredients added to cigarettes at manufacture exacerbate the liability. informed consent takes into consideration the habitual aspects of cig smoking..at the time of the surgeon generals proclamation, much was being done to tell people about the effects of tobacco, but little was known how to break the habit,..there was no chantix or patches back then, just cold turkey and gum. studies and experiments can be “rigged” to produce the results you want..its no hard task to pick subjects with little or no history of cancer and lung disease in their family blood line., in the same way its easy to find subjects who get sick from yawning..also, the majority of research and studies were done by the tobacco companies themselves, with their own labs and hand picked subjects, to provide the results they wanted. the first episodes of the cable hit “mad men” hits upon this subject…tobacco is big business and its revenues were pretty much guaranteed by popular appeal, advertising and addiction. the big money and all those other listed reasons were the reason why the industry went from outright denial of any ill effects from smoking, to a begrudging “correlational’ link between smoking and lung and heart disease…..once again, to this day, i believe a cause and effect study would fail to pin cancer , heart, and lung disease directly on smoking, due to the fact that millions smoke without ever contracting any of these ailments, yet there is no doubt that smoking kills. go figure.